A Guide on Tissue Culture Banana Farming in Kenya
Bananas can grow in most regions of the country. Giant cavendish, Grand nain and Mbogoya are good ripening varieties while Uganda green is a good cooking variety.
Where can I get seedlings?
You can get tissue culture banana seedlings from Kalro, Thika.
What are the best growing practices for maximum yields?
Hole preparation: Dimensions depend on the potential of the area. In arid areas, large holes are needed: 120cm x 120cm x 120cm. In moderately wet areas, smaller holes — 60cm x 60cm x 60cm.
Hole filling: Holes should be up to 2/3 full. The top 1/3 is left to create a basin for water collection and will be subsequently filled with debris.
A pesticide to curtail nematodes may be applied during hole filling. In some countries, planting is done in furrows.
Spacing: It depends on the cultivars, environmental conditions, water and soil fertility. Dwarf cultivars are usually spaced closer than giant ones.
Dwarf cultivars: 2.7m x 2.7m
Medium cultivars: 3m x 3m
Giant cultivars: 3.6m x 3.6m
Fertilisation: To maintain optimum productivity, regular fertiliser practices need to be followed. During planting, 250g/plant of DSP is applied in the planting holes. 100 — 125g of CAN/plant or its equivalent after plant establishment.
Yearly application of manure of potash (110g/plant) is recommended. Remember that the rates may vary based on soil and tissue analysis. Manure can also be applied at a rate of about 30-60kg/stool every two years.
Pruning: It helps to control pests like weevils, extend the lifespan of the orchard, improve yield performance, spread the time bunches will be obtained and to dictate market availability of the bunches. Pruning involves removal of excess suckers, stripping and also determining which suckers will come into bearing when and in what order.
Weeding: Ensure that the field is kept weed-free. Care should be taken when cultivating to avoid damaging feeder roots.
Other operations include:
This is a procedure performed when fruits are about to reach maturity. It involves removal of dried-up pistils still clinging to the banana fingers. If these are left, they can be sporulation grounds for fungi during wet weather.
It is an essential operation in giant and medium height cultivars that produce large bunches.
The operation involves placing Y-shaped props at the throat of the pseudostem to support the excess weight caused by the bunch. If not done, the stems lodge.
The operation is taken care of during weeding. It involves pulling soil towards the stool. It helps provide support and encourages the growth of vigorous suckers.
Removal of the male parts
The male part of the fruit bunch usually hangs on as the bunch develops. This should be removed before maturity to avoid creating an alternative sink for metabolites/ nutrients.
Polyethylene bunch covers (30-40 micrometre thick) are used to cover the bunches to improve yields and maintain quality.
Some covers are impregnated with pesticides to reduce thrip damage. The covers produce a microclimate around the bunch (increased temperature 0.5 — 1.50c and high relative humidity).
They also prevent fingers from being chafed by leaves and covered in dust.
Hits: 133https://farmerstrend.co.ke/a-guide-on-tissue-culture-banana-farming-in-kenya/https://i1.wp.com/farmerstrend.co.ke/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/tissue-culture-banana.jpg?fit=1024%2C536&ssl=1https://i1.wp.com/farmerstrend.co.ke/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/tissue-culture-banana.jpg?resize=150%2C150&ssl=1#TrendingBanana FarmingCropsBananas can grow in most regions of the country. Giant cavendish, Grand nain and Mbogoya are good ripening varieties while Uganda green is a good cooking variety. Where can I get seedlings? You can get tissue culture banana seedlings from Kalro, Thika. What are the best growing practices for maximum yields? Hole preparation:...#FarmersTrendJohn Bujufarmerstrend@gmail.comAdministratorI am a web enthusiast, writer and blogger. I always strive to be passionate about my work. I started my work at the beginning of 2013 by engaging myself with detail reading and exchanging information regarding farming with others. Since then things and times have changed, but one thing remains the same and that is my passion for helping and educating Kenyan farmers, building a successful blog and delivering quality content to the readers. The particular interests that brought me in the world of blogging are gardening, farming and livestock.Farmers#Trend