Pawpaw Farming is a widely cultivated fruit tree in the tropics and subtropics. It is a popular fruit in Kenya.
General Benefits of Pawpaw
- Ripe papaya is a favorite breakfast and dessert fruit that is available year-round.
- It can be used to make fruit salads, refreshing drinks, jam, jelly, marmalade, candies and crystallized fruits.
- Green fruits are pickled or cooked as a vegetable.
- Young leaves are sometimes eaten. In some countries, seeds are used as vermifuge and to induce abortion (abortifacient).
- Carpaine, an alkaloid present in papaya, can be used as a heart depressant, amoebicide and diuretic.
- Some countries grow pawpaw so that they can extract papain which is used in beverage, food and pharmaceutical industries: in tenderizing meat, chill- proofing beer, drug preparation for digestive ailments and to treat gangrenous wounds.
- Papain is also used treating hides, degumming silk and softening wool.
Types of Pawpaw
They are distinguished on the basis of their flowers: Female (pistillate), male (staminate) and hermaphrodite (bear both male and female flowers). These groups are only distinguishable at flowering stage. Fruits from female flowered trees are usually sweeter and of more round shape than fruits from hermaphrodite trees.
Suitable Growth Condition
- Papaya thrives in warm areas with adequate rainfall and a temperature range of 21-33°C.
- Its altitude range is similar to that of the banana, from sea level to elevations at which frosts occur (often around 1600 m). However they grow best in areas below 1000 m.
- The quality and yield are low at higher altitudes. Frost can kill the plant, and cool and overcast weather delays fruit ripening and depresses fruit quality. Fruit tastes much better when grown during a warm sunny season
- Evenly distributed annual rainfall of 1200 mm is sufficient if water conservation practices are employed.
- They need to be planted in sheltered locations or surrounded by windbreaks; strong winds are detrimental, particularly on sandy soils, as they cannot make up for large transpiration losses.
- Papaya grows best in light, well-drained soils rich in organic matter with soil pH of 6.0-6.5. It can tolerate any kind of soil provided it is well-drained and not too dry.
- The roots are very sensitive to waterlogging and even short periods of flooding can kill the plants.
Papaya grows best when planted in full sunlight. However, it can be planted as an intercrop under coconut, or as a cash crop between young fruit trees such as mango or citrus. Low growing annual crops such as capsicums, beans, onions and cabbages are suitable good intercrops.
Hits: 308https://farmerstrend.co.ke/product/pawpaw-fruit-seedlings/https://i2.wp.com/farmerstrend.co.ke/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/pawpaw_mt_700x700-seedlings-in-kenya-farmers-trend.jpg?fit=700%2C700&ssl=1https://i2.wp.com/farmerstrend.co.ke/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/pawpaw_mt_700x700-seedlings-in-kenya-farmers-trend.jpg?resize=150%2C150&ssl=1Pawpaw Farming is a widely cultivated fruit tree in the tropics and subtropics. It is a popular fruit in Kenya. General Benefits of Pawpaw Ripe papaya is a favorite breakfast and dessert fruit that is available year-round. It can be used to make fruit salads, refreshing drinks, jam, jelly, marmalade,...#FarmersTrendJohn Bujufarmerstrend@gmail.comAdministratorI am a web enthusiast, writer and blogger. I always strive to be passionate about my work. I started my work at the beginning of 2013 by engaging myself with detail reading and exchanging information regarding farming with others. Since then things and times have changed, but one thing remains the same and that is my passion for helping and educating Kenyan farmers, building a successful blog and delivering quality content to the readers. The particular interests that brought me in the world of blogging are gardening, farming and livestock.Farmers#Trend