Access to water and how it is used is one of the critical factors for success in agriculture.

We are researching the best means of bringing water to you and helping you become more effective.

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Several international, as well as recent surveys in Africa, have shown that the performance of irrigation practices and equipment, especially in the uniformity of water application, is still too low. This is due to farmers lacking the management skills to manage their irrigation systems properly. Consequences include reductions in crop yields and a waste of water resources.

To improve irrigation performance, it is necessary not only to promote the implementation of irrigation scheduling methods, but concurrently to improve system design and performance and to enhance farmers’ skills to control and manage their irrigation system more efficiently during its operation.

For the major irrigation techniques, the difficulties which have a significant negative effect on irrigation performance are listed. Solutions include, on the one hand, selecting the most appropriate technique, matching the local context, and using certified equipment which has a performance meeting relevant standards and which can ensure a minimum quality for on-field irrigation and, on the other hand, implementing upgraded management methods for such equipment and techniques, and developing skills to avoid those errors currently occurring during the ordinary operation of the system.

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The search for an improved utilization of agricultural irrigation water, which is critical in periods of scarcity, has led to a method to quantify its apportionment, in date and in volume, according to the water requirements of plants. These requirements are estimated from various scheduling techniques.

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Irrigation scheduling defines ‘when’ it is necessary to irrigate a crop and ‘how much’ water application depth shall be delivered. Once the appropriate irrigation water application depth has been chosen, using scheduling methods, a farmer then has to convey the water to every plant at the required date and with the required precision and uniformity.

However, irrigation scheduling does not take into account the actual performance capability of the on-farm irrigation system as operated by farmers, which is often poorly known. This can induce severe variances between the amounts of irrigation water determined by the irrigation scheduling technique, and the higher amounts of water which are effectively required when taking into account the performance of on-farm irrigation equipment. Imprecise and non-uniform water application patterns most often result in yield heterogeneity at field level and in water wastage.

The management of on-field water application systems constitutes a complex problem which farmers are faced with daily. It is often an important bottleneck for efficient implementation and large-scale development of advanced irrigation scheduling practices.

To obtain sustainable water savings, it will be mandatory to require a minimum degree of technical quality for systems and to transfer to users a true mastery in managing water in on-farm irrigation systems, so enabling the water losses resulting from heterogeneities in the distribution of water to be controlled.
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https://i0.wp.com/farmerstrend.co.ke/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/ffff.jpg?fit=940%2C529&ssl=1https://i0.wp.com/farmerstrend.co.ke/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/ffff.jpg?resize=150%2C150&ssl=1#FarmersTrend#TrendingAccess to water and how it is used is one of the critical factors for success in agriculture. We are researching the best means of bringing water to you and helping you become more effective. Several international, as well as recent surveys in Africa, have shown that the performance of irrigation...New generation culture in agriculture