Preparation of the land

The land must be tilled before planting commences. There must be availability of well decomposed manure and water back-up. If there is strong wind, make sure that the necessary wind breakers such as hedges are put in place.

photo credit: standard media

Planting holes

Tree spacing of 17ft × 17ft is preferred with an acre carrying an estimation of 150 seedlings. The spacing distance depends on various factors, such as soil fertility and climatic conditions. Also keep in mind that avocados have an extensive root system and can disturb the roots of other plants if planted too close.

The holes must be 2ft by 2ft by 2ft. It is advisable to plant the trees in straight lines to enable the management and harvesting of crops.

Planting

Planting must be done after the rain starts when the rain water has penetrated the ground in the right way. In each planting hole you separate the upper soil and the other soil, then combine the upper soil with 20 kg of well rotten manure, remove the seed plant from the pot, keeping the basis and the soil structure intact and plant the seedling using the top soil mixture. If possible, plant it in a place protected from wind and frost, taking into account a lot of sunlight.

Watering

If you plant avocado trees during the dry season, there is always the risk of sun damage because they do not absorb water properly when they are young. Water newly planted trees immediately, then two to three times in a week.

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However, the frequency must be reduced during the rainy season. The uniformity of the fruits is strongly influenced by the frequency of their irrigation.

Pruning

Pruning is done to maintain the shape and height of the tree and to remove broken parts of the tree. It is mainly done during the flowering and after completion of the harvest. Pruning improves yield and ensures a superior tree

structure.

Thinning

Thinning means that some of the already formed fruit is removed in order to reduce the competition for nutrients, and thus guarantee high-quality fruit.

Fertilizer application

Fertilizer application is aimed at adding the necessary nutrients to the fruits. Not all farms need this and some require different types of fertilizer. Some factors that determine the amount and type of fertilizer used include the growth phase, the climate, the characteristics of the soil fertility and the yield of fruit.

Control of pests and diseases

It is worth noting that grafting greatly improves fruit resistance to diseases. Always look out for fungal problems such as white mildew in humid climates. Other preventive control measures include weed control, correct selection of plant material, maintenance of optimal plant density and proper fertilizer application.

Weed control

Weed control reduce competition for nutrients and water. Weed control is also seen as a means to control diseases and pests. Some of the strategies

for weed management include mechanical cultivation, cover cropping and mulching.

Harvesting

As mentioned earlier, Kenya Hass avocado has two harvest seasons per year, one from March to July and the other from September to February. The harvesting of the fruits is done manually.

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Avocados ripen on the tree and are normally harvested raw and ripen afterwards. The harvested fruits must be stored at a warm temperature to ripen evenly.

Most are ripe and ready to eat after a day or two.

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https://i0.wp.com/farmerstrend.co.ke/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/hass-avocado-farmers-trend.jpg?fit=800%2C500&ssl=1https://i0.wp.com/farmerstrend.co.ke/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/hass-avocado-farmers-trend.jpg?resize=150%2C150&ssl=1#FarmersTrend#TrendingAvocado FarmingFruitsPreparation of the land The land must be tilled before planting commences. There must be availability of well decomposed manure and water back-up. If there is strong wind, make sure that the necessary wind breakers such as hedges are put in place. Planting holes Tree spacing of 17ft × 17ft is preferred...New generation culture in agriculture