In recent years, many people have been curious about small-scale poultry farming. Some people wonder if it’s a good way to earn money or simply a fun hobby. Well, we’re here to break it down for you. Let’s talk about the economics of small-scale poultry farming in simple terms.

Economics of Small-Scale Poultry Farming in Kenya

Poultry farming is a significant source of revenue generation for small farmers in Kenya. It plays a vital role in fulfilling the daily protein requirements of humans through meat and eggs consumption.

Getting Started:

First things first, you’ll need some chickens. You can start small with just a few. You’ll also need a safe place for them to live, like a chicken coop. All of this might cost a bit upfront, but don’t worry; it’s an investment.

Spending Money:

Once your chickens are settled, you’ll need to feed them. Chicken feed can be found at your local store. It’s one of your regular expenses. You’ll also need to think about healthcare for your feathered friends, like vaccines and treatments for common chicken illnesses.

Earning Money:

Now, let’s talk about making money. Chickens can provide you with income in a few ways. They can lay eggs, which you can sell. Some people also raise chickens for meat. You can sell their meat when they’re fully grown. Some chicken owners even sell special eggs, like organic or fancy-colored ones, for a bit more money.

Doing the Math:

To figure out if your poultry venture is worth it, let’s do some basic math. Add up all your expenses (feed, healthcare, etc.) and subtract that from the money you make from selling eggs or meat. This is called your profit. If your profit is positive, you’re on the right track!

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Seasonal Changes:

Keep in mind that chicken farming can be seasonal. In colder months, egg production might drop a bit, and you’ll need to spend more on heating. So, plan for these changes in your budget.

Growing Bigger:

If you like chicken farming and want to do more, you can expand. You might need a bigger coop and more chickens. Just remember, as you grow, your expenses and workload will grow too. So, plan carefully.

Market Demand:

One of the key factors to consider in Kenyan poultry farming is the high demand for poultry products. Kenya has a growing population, and chicken meat and eggs are staple foods in many Kenyan households. This demand provides a steady market for small-scale poultry farmers.

Variety of Breeds:

Kenya offers a variety of chicken breeds suitable for small-scale farming. Local indigenous breeds like the Kienyeji chicken are hardy and well-suited to the Kenyan climate. Exotic breeds, such as the Kuroiler and improved layers like the KARI improved chicken, are also popular choices for farmers looking to maximize egg production.

Economics of Small-Scale Poultry Farming in Kenya 2023

Affordability and Accessibility:

The affordability and accessibility of poultry inputs, such as chicken feed and veterinary services, make it easier for small-scale farmers to get started. Local markets often provide affordable feed options, and there is a growing network of poultry veterinarians and extension services to assist farmers.

Income Generation:

Small-scale poultry farming can provide a steady source of income for rural and urban households alike. Selling eggs and chicken meat can generate income that can be used for household expenses, education, and healthcare.

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Job Creation:

Poultry farming also contributes to job creation, especially in rural areas. As small-scale farmers expand their operations, they may need additional help with tasks like feeding, cleaning, and egg collection. This can provide employment opportunities for local community members.

Value Addition:

Entrepreneurial small-scale poultry farmers in Kenya have explored value addition opportunities. This includes producing products like processed chicken meat, sausages, and egg products. These value-added products can fetch higher prices in the market, increasing profitability.


While small-scale poultry farming in Kenya offers many opportunities, it also comes with challenges. Disease outbreaks, such as Newcastle disease, and access to clean water are significant concerns. Additionally, market price fluctuations and competition can affect a farmer’s income.

Training and Education:

To succeed in small-scale poultry farming, it’s essential for farmers to acquire knowledge and skills. Various organizations and government agencies in Kenya offer training programs and resources to educate farmers about best practices in poultry management.

Government Support:

The Kenyan government has recognized the potential of poultry farming and has initiated programs to support small-scale farmers. These programs include subsidies on poultry inputs, disease control measures, and financial support.

Rules and Regulations:

Lastly, be aware of the rules in your county. There might be laws and permits you need to follow. It’s important to stay legal and safe.

Take Away:

In Kenya, small-scale poultry farming holds promise as a viable economic venture. With a growing market, suitable breeds, and support from both government and private sector initiatives, it presents opportunities for income generation, job creation, and economic development. However, farmers should be prepared to address challenges like disease management and market fluctuations through proper planning and continuous learning. Small-scale poultry farming in Kenya can be a path to financial stability and prosperity for those willing to invest time and effort.

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