How to make serious money on Apple Farming In Kenya
Apple farming in Kenya has gained popularity in recent years due to the high demand for apples both locally and internationally. The country has a conducive climate for apple cultivation, and the government has been supporting farmers in various ways to boost the production of the crop.
The main apple-growing regions in Kenya are the highlands, including areas such as Nyeri, Meru, and Nyandarua, however, different varieties adopt well to different climatic zones in Kenya. These areas have cool temperatures and high altitudes, which are ideal for apple growth. The most common apple varieties grown in Kenya include Pink Lady, Anna, Winter Banana, Crimson Red, Golden Dorset, Royal Gala, Braeburn, and Granny Smith.
To start apple farming, farmers need to prepare the land by clearing the bushes and trees, tilling the soil, and adding organic matter to improve soil fertility. They then plant apple seedlings, which take around 2 to 3 years to start bearing fruits. During this period, farmers need to take good care of the young plants by watering, pruning, and protecting them from pests and diseases.
Once the apple trees start bearing fruit, farmers need to harvest them carefully to avoid damaging the fruits. They then sort and grade the apples according to size, color, and quality. The graded apples are then packed in crates or cartons and transported to the market.
Apple farming in Kenya faces various challenges, including pests and diseases, lack of adequate storage facilities, and inadequate market linkages. However, the government and other stakeholders have been working to address these challenges by providing training and extension services to farmers, promoting the use of pest-resistant apple varieties, and establishing cold storage facilities to ensure the apples remain fresh.
Apple farming in Kenya has great potential for growth and profitability. With the right farming practices, farmers can produce high-quality apples that meet both local and international market demands. However, farmers need to be equipped with the necessary skills and resources to overcome the challenges they face and realize the full potential of apple farming in Kenya.
Land Preparation on Apple Farming In Kenya
The first step in apple farming is land preparation. This involves clearing the land of any existing vegetation, plowing, and harrowing the land to create a smooth and uniform surface for planting. The cost of land preparation depends on the size of the farm and the type of machinery used. For example, a small farm of about one acre can be prepared manually, which would cost between KES 30,000 to KES 40,000. On the other hand, a larger farm of five acres or more will require the use of tractors, which can cost up to KES 100,000 for plowing and harrowing.
Seedlings The next step is to acquire apple seedlings. This can either be done by purchasing grafted seedlings from a reputable nursery or by grafting the seedlings yourself. You can buy grafted apple seedlings via +254 724559286. Grafted apple seedlings are more expensive than ungrafted seedlings, but they have a higher survival rate and are more resistant to diseases. The cost of grafted seedlings varies depending on the variety and the age of the seedlings. On average, a grafted apple seedling costs around KES 400. For a farm of one acre, a farmer will require about 400 to 500 seedlings, which translates to a cost of between KES 160,000 to KES 200,000.
Fertilizers and Soil Requirement On Apple Farming In Kenya
Apple trees require a lot of nutrients to grow and produce healthy fruits. Therefore, it is essential to apply fertilizers and soil amendments to the soil before planting. The type and amount of fertilizer required depend on the soil type and the age of the trees. For example, young apple trees require more nitrogen and phosphorus, while mature trees require more potassium. The cost of fertilizers and soil amendments varies depending on the type and quantity required. This can be guided by carrying soil test. On average, a farmer will require about KES 20,000 to KES 50,000 per acre for fertilizers and soil amendments, though soil analysis report will be a major advisor.
Pest and Disease Control
Apple trees are prone to attack by various pests and diseases, such as aphids, mites, fruit flies, and powdery mildew. To ensure healthy growth and high yields, it is crucial to control these pests and diseases using appropriate measures. The cost of pest and disease control depends on the severity of the infestation and the type of control measures used. Chemical pesticides are the most effective control measures, but they can be costly and have adverse effects on the environment and human health. On average, a farmer will require about KES 10,000 to KES 35,000 per acre for pest and disease control.
Apple trees require adequate and regular water supply to grow and produce healthy fruits. In areas with unreliable rainfall, irrigation is necessary to supplement the water supply. The cost of irrigation depends on the source of water and the type of irrigation system used. For example, if the farm has access to a reliable source of water, such as a river or borehole, the cost of irrigation will be lower than if the farmer has to rely on rainwater harvesting or purchase water. The cost of irrigation systems varies depending on the type and size of the system. On average, a farmer will require about KES 100,000 to KES 200,000 per acre for irrigation.
Labor Apple farming requires a significant amount of labor, especially during planting, pruning, harvesting, and post-harvest handling. The cost of labor depends on the type of labor and the prevailing wage.
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FRUIT FARMING PLANTING PACKAGES
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We have a large network of employees who arrange delivery of seedlings to customers at their various destinations from Nairobi. Free technical services to customers on planting method, management practices and plant protection measures. Our team of Agricultural Experts periodically visits and supervise plantations and suggest necessary guidelines to get better growth and higher returns.
The income & expenditure projections indicated by Farmers Trend is normally an approximate figure, as it also depends on the nature and hard work of the farmer.
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