How to … get female voices into farming research
Imagine a typical scene in agricultural research for development: a group of predominantly male researchers visit a group of male farmers whose views they take to inform their work.
The reality is that a large proportion of smallholder farmers – the majority in some parts of the sector – are female. And these women often have fewer rights than male farmers to access the vital resources they need to farm, such as seeds, fertilisers, land and markets.
So, what can researchers do to make sure female farmers get their fair share of attention in agricultural research? Here are our top tips for implementing a successful gender strategy:
Recruit gender researchers
You may need to recruit specialised researchers who will make sure gender issues are addressed in technical fields like plant breeding. For example, to make sure CGIAR have the in-house expertise to tackle gender equality in research, we are forming a community of young gender researchers with a post-doctoral programme.
Create tailored programmes
You could also try designing a programme which focuses explicitly on gender-related changes in farming systems. Our aquatic agricultural systems programme includes research focused on transforming gender roles and social norms that hold back the productivity of female farmers.
Support change in policies and institutions
To give female farmers a fairer deal, research must look beyond the practical needs of women to tackle underlying constraints. This includes unequal land rights, restricted mobility or limited schooling that prevent fair access for women farmers to extension training, credit or markets. Often institutions and policies have to change before women can benefit from our technologies.
Think differently about agriculture
Tackling gender inequalities in farming means you need to think differently about agriculture. Instead of concentrating on crops and livestock, think about food systems that include minor crops and vegetables grown by women, and post-harvest processing, so much of which is done by women. Or about domestic use of farm resources, especially labour, but also water and fuel for cooking. Women in western Kenya, for example, are benefiting from the rise in demand for finger millet.
Make sure you have dedicated resources
You’ll definitely need extra resources dedicated to tackling the gender inequalities which affect many aspects of how crops and livestock are raised, consumed, and sold, and who benefits from new research. So dedicated budget for this purpose in research plans, proposals and programmes are a must.
Ask who is benefiting from your work
We try to ensure our technologies create opportunities for both women and men through the collection of data and evidence. This data should be disaggregated by sex, that is, analysed separately for males and females. This often involves asking questions such as “who is benefitting from you work?” which gives us a better idea of how women farmers specifically are benefiting from our technologies.
Accountability for results that tackle gender inequalities requires committed leaders who use gender-sensitive monitoring and evaluation, whether this involves individual performance or programme success.
These are our tips – but do you have any you would like to share? How can research and technologies address the needs of female farmers, or at least ensure that they do not affect them negatively? Drop us a line in the comments below to share your thoughts.