Difference between Plums and Cherries
Many farmers in Kenya wonder how to tell plum and cherry trees apart. While the blossoms do look somewhat similar, the differences between cherry and plum trees are easy to spot once you are familiar with them.
Amidst the vast variety of fruits that grace our nation, plums and cherries emerge as true gems, captivating with their enticing flavors and vibrant hues. While sharing some similarities, these fruits possess individual characteristics that set them apart in the most delightful ways.
Below are some of the differences that set them apart
Picture plums and cherries, and you’ll be transported to a visual feast that celebrates Kenya’s breathtaking biodiversity. Plums, with their rounded or oval shape, showcase skin that ranges from velvety smooth to delicately wrinkled. Their captivating colors span from deep purple to vibrant red, cheerful yellow, and even enchanting shades of green.
As for cherries, their smaller size steals the show, while their glossy skin beckons with hues of fiery red, mysterious dark red, or the rich intensity of black. Kenya’s landscapes provide the perfect for these vibrant fruits to thrive.
When it comes to taste, plums and cherries offer distinct flavor profiles that leave a lasting impression. Plums, known as “plamu” in Swahili, are cherished for their sweet and tangy notes. Some local varieties, like the Damson and Pioneer, showcase a delightful balance of sweetness and acidity, making them ideal for both fresh consumption and culinary creations.
In contrast, cherries, known as “cheri” or “tunda la kiza” in Swahili, captivate with their intense sweetness. Their flavors range from mildly tart to irresistibly sweet.
In Kenya, where access to nutritious food is of paramount importance, understanding the nutritional value of plums and cherries is crucial. Plums, with their rich color and juiciness, offer essential nutrients that support a healthy lifestyle. They are a good source of dietary fiber, aiding in digestion and promoting satiety. Plums are also packed with vitamins, including vitamin C, which boosts the immune system, and vitamin K, which aids in blood clotting and bone health. Moreover, plums contain antioxidants like anthocyanins, known for their anti-inflammatory properties.
Cherries, too, bring a wealth of nutritional benefits to the Kenyan table. They are rich in antioxidants, particularly anthocyanins, which contribute to their vibrant colors and help combat oxidative stress in the body. Cherries are a natural source of melatonin, a hormone that regulates sleep patterns, making them a delightful bedtime snack. These fruits are also abundant in vitamin C, supporting immune health, and provide minerals such as potassium, vital for maintaining healthy blood pressure levels.
In Kenya’s diverse agricultural landscape, plums and cherries thrive under different conditions and cultivation practices. Plums, with their love for temperate climates, do well in the highlands of Central and Rift Valley provinces. They thrive in well-drained soil, and moderate sunlight. Kenya boasts a rich variety of plums, including locally adapted varieties like Pioneer and Elephant Heart, which proudly display their unique flavors and characteristics. Thanks to Kenya’s diverse microclimates, plums enjoy extended harvesting seasons, adding to the abundance of these delightful fruits.
Cherries, on the other hand, prefer cooler climates, finding their perfect home in select highland regions of Kenya, such as parts of the Aberdare Ranges. These areas provide the necessary chilling hours that cherry trees need to do well. With careful attention to soil fertility, drainage, and proper irrigation, Kenyan farmers cultivate cherry varieties like Bing and Stella. It’s no wonder that Kenya’s high altitudes and mountains serve as the nurturing grounds for these captivating fruits.
Traditional and Culinary Uses:
Plums and cherries hold cultural significance and are utilized in traditional Kenyan culinary practices. Plums are often enjoyed as a fresh and succulent snack, particularly during the bountiful harvest seasons. They are also incorporated into various homemade jams, jellies, and preserves, adding a burst of fruity goodness to Kenyan breakfast tables. In some communities, plums are dried and used as a flavorful ingredient in stews, lending a touch of tanginess to the rich and aromatic dishes.
Cherries, although relatively less common in traditional Kenyan cuisine, have gained popularity as an addition to modern culinary creations. Their vibrant colors and sweet flavors make them a delightful ingredient in desserts, such as cherry pies, tarts, and cakes. Moreover, cherries can be transformed into delightful preserves and sauces, complementing savory dishes and enhancing their taste profiles. In recent years, the growing appreciation for cherries has seen them being used in refreshing beverages and cocktails, offering a unique twist to Kenyan drink culture.
Detailed information on the differences between plums and cherries:
|Appearance||Plums have a rounded or oval shape with smooth or slightly wrinkled skin. They come in various colors including deep purple, red, yellow, and green. Some popular varieties include Kappeler, Damson, and Pioneer.||Cherries are smaller fruits, typically heart-shaped or spherical in appearance. They have glossy skin that can range from vibrant red to dark red or black. Common cherry varieties include Bing and Stella.|
|Flavor Profile||Plums are known for their sweet and tangy taste, offering a delightful balance of sweetness and acidity. Local plum varieties like Damson and Pioneer are cherished for their unique flavors.||Cherries captivate with their intense sweetness, ranging from mildly tart to irresistibly sweet. Their flavors are reminiscent of the Kenyan sunsets, providing a burst of heavenly sweetness.|
|Nutritional Benefits||Plums are a good source of dietary fiber, aiding in digestion and promoting satiety. They are also rich in vitamins, including vitamin C for immune health and vitamin K for blood clotting and bone health. Plums contain antioxidants called anthocyanins, which have anti-inflammatory properties.||Cherries are abundant in antioxidants, especially anthocyanins, which contribute to their vibrant colors and help combat oxidative stress. They are a natural source of melatonin, a hormone that regulates sleep patterns. Cherries also provide vitamin C for immune support and minerals like potassium for maintaining healthy blood pressure levels.|
|Cultivation||Plums thrive in regions with temperate climates, such as the highlands of Central and Rift Valley provinces. They require well-drained soil and a moderate amount of sunlight. Kenya cultivates various plum varieties, including the locally adapted Pioneer and Elephant Heart. Plums benefit from Kenya’s diverse microclimates, allowing for extended harvesting seasons.||Cherries prefer cooler climates and find suitable cultivation conditions in highland regions of Kenya, such as parts of the Aberdare Ranges. These areas provide the necessary chilling hours during winter for cherry trees to thrive. Soil fertility, drainage, and proper irrigation methods are crucial for optimal growth and yield of cherries in Kenya. Bing and Stella are common cherry varieties grown in Kenya.|
|Traditional and Culinary Uses||Plums are enjoyed as a fresh and succulent snack, particularly during harvest seasons. They are also used in various homemade jams, jellies, and preserves, adding a burst of fruity goodness to Kenyan breakfast tables. In some communities, plums are dried and used as a flavorful ingredient in stews, lending a touch of tanginess to the rich and aromatic dishes.||While cherries are relatively less common in traditional Kenyan cuisine, they have gained popularity as a delightful addition to modern culinary creations. Cherries are used in desserts such as pies, tarts, and cakes, bringing their vibrant colors and sweet flavors to tantalize taste buds. They can also be transformed into delightful preserves and sauces, complementing savory dishes and enhancing their taste profiles. Additionally, cherries have found their way into refreshing beverages and cocktails, adding a unique twist to Kenyan drink culture.|
The above table provides a comprehensive overview of the distinctions between plums and cherries, covering their appearance, flavor profile, nutritional benefits, cultivation requirements, and traditional culinary uses.
- Cherries are smaller in size and naturally red. Plums are larger than cherries and maroon to purple colored
- Cherry trees have dark green leaves that are smooth towards the edges. Plum trees leaves are commonly red to purple like the fruits and have toothed edges
- Cherry buds are oval whereas, plum buds are round. Each bud is attached to the tree separately by a short stem in the case of a plum but, in cherry flowers, a cluster of buds develops from each bunch.
- Cherry flowers don’t have a strong fragrance. Whereas plum flowers have a sweet fragrance