Muranga 20 Macadamia : There are four approved varieties of macadamia in Kenya today. They are classified according to their characteristics and the agro ecological zone they are suitable for. Macadamia is grown between 1400 to 2000m above sea level (a.s.l.). KALRO released four main varieties, MRG-20 (Muranga 20), KRG-15 (Kirinyaga 15), KMB-3 (Kiambu 3) and EMB-1 (Embu 1) for cultivation in Kenya.

These improved varieties yield earlier, more and better quality nuts and kernels than the un-grafted non improved types.

macadamia farmers in Kenya muranga 20

On this article we focus on the best macadamia variety according to sources from farmers – Muranga 20

Farming Macadamia In Kenya

Macadamia belongs to the family Proteaceae and is native to south-eastern Queensland, Australia where it grows in the wild. Although there are ten species only two (Macadamia integrifolia [smooth-shelled type) and Macadamia tetraphylla [rough-shelled type]) are edible. Although macadamia was introduced in Kenya from Australia in 1946, it was not until 1964 that the Ministry of Agriculture initiated the planting of its seedlings by small-scale farmers mainly in Eastern and Central Provinces.

It is grown as an additional cash crop to coffee and tea (Kenya Nut Annual, 2003). Macadamia has undergone a lot of improvement through selection, breeding and propagation.

Muranga 20 Macadamia Variety

Muranga 20 is a pure Macadamia integrifolia variety suitable for the marginal coffee zones of altitudes between 1500โ€”1600 Metres above sea level. Its distinct features include while flowers and rounded leaves with no distinct leaf apex.

The Muranga 20 variety is great because it can adapt to a wider range of climate.

Muranga 20 Variety matures after the third year with an average production capacity of 150Kgs per tree at 7+ years

Muranga 20 variety has a lifespan of over 100 years.

What’s the difference between Muranga 20 varieties and other macadamia varieties available in Kenya?

Muranga 20, Kirinyaga 15 & Embu 1 belong toย Integrifolioย while Kiambu 3 is aย tetraphyla.ย The physical difference you will notice is that theย tetraphylaย category has thorny leaves,flowers are pink and the young shoots are red while theย Integrifolioย have smooth leaves, cream white flowers and the young shoot are green.

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Where can one buy Muranga 20 macadamia seedlings in Kenya?

There are recommended certified nurseries by KEPHIS that you should get seedlings from. You can obtain seedlings from Fruit Africa (+254 752452939) or Farmers Trend (+254 790509684 / +254 724559286)

Grafted Macadamia Seedlings

Which is the best soil type to grow Muranga 20 macadamia?

Acidic soils are the best. In Kenya, you will find that most macadamia trees are found in places where there is predorminant coffee growing.

How do you propagate Muranga 20 Macadamia Variety In Kenya?

Macadamia is propagated (multiplied to get new planting materials) through vegetative means. The
purpose is to:-
  • To get true to type planting material (Clones)
  • To shorten time to bearing
  • To get uniform dwarf plants that are easy to manage
  • Provides a practical avenue for repairing damaged/wrong plant materials
  • The process involves raising of rootstocks from hybrid seed (KMB-3, KMB-9, KMB-4 & others),
    transplanting, growth, grafting, care of grafted seedlings, hardening and consequently field establishment.

What is the ideal spacing for Muranga 20 macadamia trees and how many macadamia per acre?

  • For pure stand like Muranga 20, use 7.5 x 7.5m making it around 80 macadamia trees per acre, for the upright varieties and up to 10 x 10m for the spreading types making it around 70 macadamia trees per acre
  • When intercropping use wider spacing

How long does Muranga 20 macadamia variety take to start production?

When you grow your first batch of Grafted Muranga 20 Macadamia seedlings, your first crop will be in the 3rd using GAP to 5th year and you will harvest very good crop in the 7-10th year. Great production per tree is at a range of 100kgs-150kgs per tree per year.

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How do you maintain a Muranga 20 macadamia farm in Kenya?

Like every other crop, Muranga 20 Macadamia require extensive care. Your tree will need a specific feeding regime including fertilizer, manure etc. Contact us for any additional advice on this.

How do you harvest macadamia from a tree?

The most accurate answer to this question is that you need to wait for the nuts to fall. This guarantees that you always harvest/pick the most mature nuts. As a guideline we advise all macadamia farmers in Kenya to have their grounds clean for easier picking of the nuts.

What are the estimated cost of macadamia farming

Here are the costs to be involved for one acre with 80 seedlings;
โ€ข Plounging of farm โ€“ Ksh 2500
โ€ข Harrowing โ€“ Ksh 2500
โ€ข Holes for Planting โ€“ 80 holes * Ksh 50/hole = Ksh 4000
โ€ข Purchasing of seedling โ€“ 80 seedling * Ksh 350 = Ksh 28,000
โ€ข Manure โ€“ Ksh 2000
Other cost on Managements includes;
โ€ข Planting
โ€ข Fertilizer
โ€ข Pruning
โ€ข Watering
โ€ข Harvesting



FARMERS TREND FRUIT SEEDLINGS SERVICESWe provide technical support on fruit farming in Kenya. Our Sales Team with technically qualified staff provide after sales service and farmers’ advisory services to our customers to get better plant establishment and faster growth of fruit orchard and plantations.

We have a large network of employees who arrange delivery of seedlings to customers at their various destinations from Nairobi. Free technical services to customers on planting method, management practices and plant protection measures. Our team of Agricultural Experts periodically visits and supervise plantations and suggest necessary guidelines to get better growth and higher returns.

The income & expenditure projections indicated by Farmers Trend is normally an approximate figure, as it also depends on the nature and hard work of the farmer.

  1. This includes soil testing, seedlings purchase guidance, consultancy, farm preparation guidance and transportation.
  2. First production on most fruit trees start after 2nd year and production remains for next several years.
  1. We offer special tailored packages per acre on Hass Avocado, Macadamia, Oranges, Mangoes and Apples
  2. This packages consist of a well drafted win win situation between the farmer and Farmers Trend
  3. Where a farmer provides a) Land b) Preparation of land, c) Soil Analysis d) Manure and any other recommendation as per soil analysis e) Irrigation
  4. And, Farmers Trend provide a) Hole digging using recommended spacing b) Soil and manure mixing plus refilling c) Seedlings enough for an acre as recommended d) 3 months monitoring
  5. Each fruit package has its own cost depending on site survey
GIVE US A CALL TO ENJOY THIS BENNEFITS VIA +254 724-559286 OR +254 754-452939

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