Tangerine orange farming has become increasingly popular in Kenya due to the high demand for the fruit in local and international markets. Tangerine oranges are a citrus fruit that is similar in appearance to the common orange, but smaller in size and with a thinner, easier-to-peel skin. In this blog post, we will explore the various aspects of tangerine orange farming in Kenya, including the benefits of growing this fruit, the best practices for cultivation, and the market potential for tangerine oranges.

Tangerine orange farming Tree In Kenya

Benefits of Tangerine Orange Farming in Kenya

Tangerine oranges are a valuable crop in Kenya because they are relatively easy to grow and offer several benefits to farmers. Firstly, tangerine orange farming requires less water than other crops, making it a sustainable option in areas with water scarcity. Additionally, tangerine oranges are high in vitamin C, which is essential for human health. This makes them a valuable crop both for consumption and for sale to local and international markets.

Cultivation Practices for Tangerine Orange Farming

To achieve optimal growth and yield of tangerine oranges, farmers in Kenya must follow specific cultivation practices. Firstly, farmers should select a suitable location with well-drained soil and adequate sunlight. The best time for planting tangerine orange trees is during the rainy season, as this provides the necessary moisture for the trees to establish themselves.

After planting, farmers should ensure that the trees receive regular irrigation and fertilizer applications. Pruning is also important to remove any diseased or dead branches and to promote the growth of new branches. Pest and disease control measures should also be implemented to protect the trees from common pests like fruit flies and diseases like citrus canker.

Market Potential for Tangerine Oranges in Kenya

Tangerine oranges have a high market potential in Kenya due to their high demand in local and international markets. Kenya is a major exporter of tangerine oranges, with key export markets including the United Arab Emirates, Russia, and the European Union. In addition, tangerine oranges are also in high demand locally, with many Kenyans consuming the fruit as a snack or using it to make juice.

To take advantage of this market potential, farmers must ensure that their tangerine oranges meet the necessary quality standards. This includes selecting the right variety of tangerine oranges for cultivation, ensuring that the fruit is properly harvested and handled, and meeting the necessary packaging and labeling requirements.

Tangerine orange farming offers many benefits to farmers in Kenya, including sustainability, high nutritional value, and a valuable market potential. By following best practices for cultivation and ensuring that their fruit meets the necessary quality standards, farmers can take advantage of the high demand for tangerine oranges in both local and international markets.

Suitable Conditions For Tangerine Farming In Kenya

Tangerine farming in Kenya requires specific conditions for optimal growth and yield. Here are the key factors to consider when selecting a suitable location for tangerine farming:

  1. Climate: Tangerine oranges grow best in warm and humid conditions. They require a minimum temperature of 13°C and a maximum of 38°C. The ideal temperature range for tangerine orange farming is between 20°C to 30°C. Areas with high humidity and moderate rainfall are also ideal for tangerine farming. In Kenya, tangerine oranges are mainly grown in the coastal region, which has the ideal climate for citrus fruit production.
  2. Soil type: Tangerine oranges grow well in well-drained soils with a pH range of 5.5 to 7.5. They do not thrive in waterlogged soils, which can lead to root rot and other diseases. The soil should also be rich in organic matter, which helps to retain moisture and nutrients. Sandy loam and clay loam soils are the most suitable for tangerine farming in Kenya.
  3. Altitude: Tangerine oranges can be grown at altitudes ranging from sea level to 2000 meters above sea level. However, they grow best at an altitude of between 0 to 1200 meters above sea level. In Kenya, tangerine oranges are mainly grown in low to medium altitude areas.
  4. Water supply: Tangerine oranges require adequate water supply for optimal growth and fruit production. Irrigation is essential in areas with low rainfall or irregular rainfall patterns. Drip irrigation is the most suitable irrigation method for tangerine farming, as it provides water directly to the roots of the trees.
  5. Pest and disease control: Tangerine oranges are susceptible to pests and diseases that can affect their growth and yield. Farmers should implement pest and disease control measures such as regular spraying and pruning to keep the trees healthy.
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In summary, tangerine orange farming in Kenya requires warm and humid conditions, well-drained soils with pH of 5.5 to 7.5, altitudes of 0 to 1200 meters above sea level, adequate water supply, and pest and disease control measures. By considering these factors, farmers can select a suitable location for tangerine orange farming and achieve optimal growth and yield.

sweet tangerine orange farming in kenya fruits

Best Tangerine Orange Growing Zones In Kenya

Tangerines are a type of citrus fruit that require warm and tropical climates to grow. In Kenya, tangerine orange farming is mainly done in the coastal region due to its favorable climate. The best growing zones for tangerine orange farming in Kenya are zones 1, 2, and 3.

Zone 1:

This zone covers the coastal region of Kenya, including the areas around Mombasa, Malindi, and Lamu. The climate in this region is hot and humid, with temperatures ranging between 20°C and 30°C. The soil is sandy and well-drained, which is ideal for tangerine farming. The rainfall in this zone is also favorable for tangerine orange farming, with an annual rainfall of 800-1200mm. Tangerine varieties that do well in this zone include Dancy, Clementine, and Kinnow.

Zone 2:

This zone covers the semi-arid areas of eastern and northeastern Kenya, including areas around Kitui, Machakos, and Garissa. The climate in this region is hot and dry, with temperatures ranging between 25°C and 35°C. The soil in this region is sandy and well-drained, which is ideal for tangerine orange farming. The rainfall in this zone is also favorable for tangerine orange farming, with an annual rainfall of 400-800mm. Tangerine varieties that do well in this zone include Murcott, Satsuma, and Nova.

Zone 3:

This zone covers the highlands of Kenya, including areas around Meru, Nyeri, and Embu. The climate in this region is cool and wet, with temperatures ranging between 15°C and 25°C. The soil in this region is well-drained and rich in organic matter, which is ideal for tangerine farming. The rainfall in this zone is also favorable for tangerine orange farming, with an annual rainfall of 800-1200mm. Tangerine varieties that do well in this zone include Ortanique, Satsuma, and Honey Murcott.

In conclusion, tangerine orange farming is mainly done in the coastal region of Kenya, with the best growing zones being zones 1, 2, and 3. The success of tangerine orange farming in these zones is largely dependent on favorable climatic conditions, well-drained soils, and the use of proper farming practices.

How To Plant Sweet Tangerines In Kenya

Planting tangerine oranges in Kenya is a great way to enjoy the fruit’s delicious taste while also providing a source of income. Here are the steps to plant tangerine oranges in Kenya:

  1. Choose the Right Location: Tangerine oranges require well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. They also need to be planted in an area that receives plenty of sunlight. Choose a location that is protected from strong winds and is not prone to flooding.
  2. Prepare the Soil: Before planting, prepare the soil by digging a hole that is twice the size of the tree’s root ball. Mix the soil with compost or manure to provide additional nutrients to the plant.
  3. Purchase Tangerine Orange Seedlings: Purchase a tangerine orange tree from a reputable nursery like Farmers Trend. Choose a healthy tree that is free from any diseases or pests.
  4. Plant the Tree: Plant the tangerine orange tree in the prepared hole, making sure that the graft union is above the soil level. Water the tree immediately after planting.
  5. Spacing: The spacing of tangerine trees per acre in Kenya can vary depending on a variety of factors such as the cultivar being grown, soil type, climate conditions, and management practices. However, the recommended spacing for tangerine trees in Kenya is usually between 4 meters by 3 meters to 5 meters by 5 meters.This translates to a planting density of about 150 to 400 trees per acre. It is important to note that the spacing should be adjusted based on the growth rate and vigor of the specific cultivar being grown to ensure optimal growth and yield. Additionally, other factors such as irrigation, fertilization, pruning, and pest management practices should also be considered to ensure the health and productivity of the tangerine orchard.
  6. Watering: Tangerine oranges require regular watering, especially during the dry season. Water the tree deeply once a week to encourage root growth.
  7. Fertilizing: Apply fertilizer to the tree every six months. Use a balanced fertilizer that is rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
  8. Pruning: Prune the tree regularly to remove any dead or diseased branches. This will help to promote new growth and improve the tree’s overall health.
  9. Pest and Disease Control: Tangerine oranges are susceptible to various pests and diseases. Monitor the tree regularly and apply appropriate treatments as necessary.
  10. Harvesting: Tangerine oranges are typically ready for harvest between June and August. Harvest the fruit when it is fully ripe and has turned orange. Use a sharp knife or pruning shears to cut the fruit from the tree.
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grafted sweet tangerine orange seedlings at Farmers Trend nursery 0724-559286
grafted sweet tangerine orange seedlings at Farmers Trend nursery 0724-559286

Planting tangerine oranges in Kenya requires selecting the right location, preparing the soil, purchasing a healthy tree, watering, fertilizing, pruning, pest and disease control, and harvesting. Following these steps will help you grow healthy tangerine orange trees and enjoy the fruit’s delicious taste.

Profitability Of Tangerine Orange Farming In Kenya

The profitability of tangerine orange farming in Kenya depends on several factors, including the market demand, production costs, and yield per acre. Here are some key factors that can affect the profitability of tangerine farming:

  1. Market demand: The demand for tangerines can fluctuate depending on the season and the local and international market conditions. When there is high demand for tangerines, farmers can sell their produce at a higher price and achieve greater profits. Kenya exports tangerines to several countries, including the United Arab Emirates, Russia, and the European Union, which provide a ready market for farmers.
  2. Production costs: Tangerine farming involves various costs, including land preparation, seedlings, fertilizer, irrigation, labor, and pest and disease control. The cost of production can vary depending on the size of the farm, the quality of inputs, and the level of mechanization. Farmers need to keep production costs low to maximize their profits.
  3. Yield per acre: The yield of tangerine oranges can vary depending on several factors, including the variety of tangerine grown, the age of the trees, and the farming practices used. Generally, tangerine trees start bearing fruit after 2-3 years and can produce up to 150-500 fruits per tree per year. With proper care, a well-managed tangerine farm can yield up to 15-20 tonnes per acre per year.
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Based on these factors, tangerine orange farming can be profitable for farmers in Kenya. The profitability of tangerine orange farming can vary depending on the market demand, production costs, and yield per acre. However, with proper farming practices, farmers can increase their yield and reduce production costs, which can improve their profitability in the long run. Additionally, there are various government and non-governmental organizations that provide support to farmers, including access to credit, training, and market information, which can also boost the profitability of tangerine farming in Kenya.

Fertilizer Program On Sweet Tangerine Orange Farming In Kenya

Tangerine orange farming in Kenya can be very productive and profitable with the use of a proper fertilizer program. A good fertilizer program can improve the yield, quality, and overall health of the trees. Here are some key considerations for a fertilizer program for tangerine orange farming in Kenya:

  1. Soil testing: The first step in creating a fertilizer program is to conduct a soil test. This will help to determine the pH level, nutrient content, and other important factors that affect plant growth. Soil testing can be done through a variety of labs in Kenya, including the Soil Cares Africa laboratory in Nairobi.
  2. Nutrient requirements: Tangerine oranges require a balanced supply of nutrients, including nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Other important micronutrients include calcium, magnesium, sulfur, iron, and zinc. The exact nutrient requirements will depend on the soil type, age of the trees, and other factors.
  3. Fertilizer application: Fertilizers can be applied through various methods, including broadcast, banding, or foliar spraying. The timing and frequency of fertilizer application will depend on the specific fertilizer program being used. In general, fertilizers should be applied at least twice a year, during the rainy season, to ensure proper nutrient uptake.
  4. Organic vs. chemical fertilizers: Organic fertilizers, such as compost or manure, can be used to improve soil fertility and provide nutrients to the trees. However, chemical fertilizers can also be effective if used correctly. In general, it is best to use a combination of organic and chemical fertilizers to achieve the best results.
  5. Monitoring and adjustment: Regular monitoring of the trees and soil is important to ensure that the fertilizer program is working effectively. Adjustments may need to be made to the program based on changes in soil conditions, weather patterns, or other factors.

Overall, a well-designed fertilizer program can improve the productivity and profitability of tangerine orange farming in Kenya. It is important to consult with local experts or agricultural extension services to develop a program that is tailored to the specific needs of your farm.

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